• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 4
  • Age: 9 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: History
  • Curriculum Theme: History
  • Previous Lesson: Ancient Towns in Nigeria; Calabar & Gobe
  • Topic: Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Idah & Ife
  • Content: Idah & Ife

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Cognitive Domain: Identify the geographical locations of Idah and Ife on the map of Nigeria.
  2. Affective Domain: Appreciate the historical significance of Idah and Ife in Nigerian history.
  3. Psychomotor Domain: Draw the map of Nigeria and mark the locations of Idah and Ife.
  4. Social Domain: Discuss the cultural heritage of Idah and Ife with classmates.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Map of Nigeria
  • Pictures of Idah and Ife
  • Flashcards with key historical facts
  • Chalkboard and chalk
  • Projector for showing images

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the ancient towns of Idah and Ife helps pupils appreciate Nigeria’s rich cultural heritage and history. This knowledge fosters a sense of identity and pride in their cultural background.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils have previously learned about ancient towns in Nigeria such as Calabar and Gobe, which provides a foundational understanding of Nigeria’s historical geography.


Learning Area: Ancient Towns In Nigeria: Idah & Ife

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerAsk pupils about Calabar and GobeRespond to questionsRecall prior knowledge
Step 2: Idah Overview7 minsLectureUse of visual aidsShow map and locate Idah, explain its significanceObserve and listenUnderstand Idah’s location
Step 3: Ife Overview7 minsLectureUse of visual aidsShow map and locate Ife, explain its significanceObserve and listenUnderstand Ife’s location
Step 4: Cultural Heritage7 minsGroup discussionCooperative learningDiscuss the cultural heritage of Idah and Ife using picturesParticipate in discussionAppreciate cultural heritage
Step 5: Drawing Activity5 minsHands-on activityGuided practiceGuide pupils to draw Nigeria’s map and mark Idah and IfeDraw and mark mapsDevelop mapping skills
Step 6: Note Taking5 minsDirect instructionDemonstrationWrite key points on the board for pupils to copyCopy notesSummarize lesson points
Step 7: Evaluation4 minsOral questionsFormative assessmentAsk questions to assess understandingAnswer questionsAssess comprehension

Lesson Content:

Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Idah and Ife


  • Located in Kogi State, central Nigeria.
  • Historically significant as the capital of the Igala Kingdom.
  • Known for its rich cultural heritage and traditional festivals.
Some Ancient Towns In Nigeria


  • Located in Osun State, southwestern Nigeria.
  • Considered the spiritual home of the Yoruba people.
  • Famous for its ancient artworks and the Ife Head sculptures.

Both towns played crucial roles in the history and culture of Nigeria.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Point out the locations of Idah and Ife on the map of Nigeria.
  2. Explain why Idah is historically significant.
  3. Describe an important cultural aspect of Ife.
  4. Discuss with a partner what they found most interesting about Idah or Ife.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:
Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: June 28, 2024