Class: Primary 3

Term: 3rd Term

Week: 7

Age: 9 years

Duration: 40 minutes

Subject: History

Curriculum Theme: History

Previous Lesson: Ancient Towns in Nigeria; Onitsha & Oyo

Topic: Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Jos & Abuja

Content: Jos & Abuja

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Cognitive domain: Identify the locations of Jos and Abuja on the map of Nigeria.
  2. Affective domain: Appreciate the historical significance of Jos and Abuja.
  3. Psychomotor domain: Draw and label a simple map of Nigeria highlighting Jos and Abuja.
  4. Social domain: Discuss the importance of preserving historical towns in Nigeria.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  1. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  2. Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  3. NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  4. Online Information from Britannica – Jos | Plateau, Nigeria, Map, & Facts
  5. Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • A map of Nigeria
  • Pictures of Jos and Abuja
  • Flashcards with key historical facts
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Textbooks

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the history and significance of ancient towns like Jos and Abuja helps pupils appreciate their cultural heritage and recognize the importance of these towns in Nigeria’s development. This knowledge fosters a sense of national pride and encourages the preservation of historical sites.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils have previously learned about other ancient towns in Nigeria, such as Onitsha and Oyo, and are familiar with basic map-reading skills.


Learning Area: Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Jos & Abuja

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content Development Time Teaching Method Teaching Strategy Teacher’s Activity Pupils’ Activity Learning Point
Step 1: Introduction 5 mins Interactive Set induction Introduce the topic and show pictures of Jos and Abuja. Ask pupils if they have heard about these towns. Pupils respond to the teacher’s questions and share what they know. Pupils get an overview of Jos and Abuja and their significance.
Step 2: Locating on the Map 7 mins Demonstration Visual aid Show pupils the map of Nigeria and point out Jos and Abuja. Discuss their locations in relation to other towns. Pupils observe the map and locate the towns. Pupils learn to identify Jos and Abuja on the map of Nigeria.
Step 3: Historical Facts 10 mins Lecture Storytelling Share interesting historical facts about Jos and Abuja using flashcards. Pupils listen and take notes on key historical points. Pupils gain knowledge about the historical significance of Jos and Abuja.
Step 4: Drawing Activity 10 mins Practical Hands-on activity Instruct pupils to draw and label a simple map of Nigeria, highlighting Jos and Abuja. Pupils draw and label the map as instructed. Pupils apply their knowledge of the locations of Jos and Abuja in a practical activity.
Step 5: Discussion 5 mins Group Discussion Collaborative learning Lead a discussion on the importance of preserving historical towns. Pupils participate in the discussion, sharing their thoughts. Pupils understand the value of preserving historical towns and their cultural heritage.
Step 6: Note Taking 3 mins Note Writing Summarization Summarize the lesson and provide key points for pupils to copy into their notebooks. Pupils copy the notes into their notebooks. Pupils have a summarized reference of the lesson content.
Step 7: Evaluation & Conclusion 5 mins Q&A Session Assessment Ask evaluation questions to assess understanding and conclude the lesson with a positive note. Pupils answer the questions and reflect on what they have learned. Pupils’ understanding of the lesson is assessed, and the lesson is concluded on a positive and reinforcing note.

Lesson Content:

Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Jos & Abuja

Jos and Abuja are significant towns in Nigeria with rich historical backgrounds.


  • Located in the North-Central part of Nigeria.
  • Known for its cool climate and beautiful scenery.
  • Historically, it was a major center for tin mining and trade.
Some Ancient Towns In Nigeria


  • Located in the center of Nigeria.
  • The capital city of Nigeria since 1991.
  • Planned city known for its architecture and being the political center of the country.

These towns are important because they contribute to Nigeria’s cultural heritage and development. Preserving them helps us remember and respect our history.

Lesson Evaluation:
To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Identify Jos and Abuja on the map of Nigeria.
  2. Mention one historical fact about Jos.
  3. State the significance of Abuja in Nigeria today.
  4. Discuss why it is important to preserve historical towns like Jos and Abuja.
  5. Draw a simple map of Nigeria and label Jos and Abuja.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: July 14, 2024