• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 6
  • Age: 9 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: History
  • Curriculum Theme: History
  • Previous Lesson: Ancient Towns in Nigeria Kano & Okene
  • Topic: Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Onitsha & Oyo
  • Content: Onitsha & Oyo

Performance Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:
Cognitive Domain:

  1. Identify the locations of Onitsha and Oyo on a map of Nigeria.
    Affective Domain:
  2. Appreciate the historical significance of ancient towns in Nigeria.
    Psychomotor Domain:
  3. Sketch a simple map showing the location of Onitsha and Oyo.
    Social Domain:
  4. Discuss the cultural heritage of Onitsha and Oyo with peers.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • A map of Nigeria
  • Pictures of Onitsha and Oyo
  • A whiteboard and markers
  • Flashcards with key facts about Onitsha and Oyo

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the history of ancient towns like Onitsha and Oyo helps pupils appreciate Nigeria’s rich cultural heritage and promotes national pride. It also provides context for understanding historical events and cultural practices.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are expected to have basic knowledge of other ancient towns in Nigeria such as Kano and Okene.


Learning Area: Ancient Towns In Nigeria: Onitsha & Oyo

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content Development Time Teaching Method Teaching Strategy Teachers Activity Pupils Activity Learning Point
Step 1: Introduction 5 minutes Direct Instruction Question and Answer Ask pupils about their knowledge of ancient towns in Nigeria. Answer questions and share their thoughts. Activating prior knowledge.
Step 2: Locating Onitsha & Oyo 10 minutes Demonstration Use of Map and Flashcards Show Onitsha and Oyo on the map. Use flashcards to present key facts. Observe and take notes. Identifying locations and facts.
Step 3: Historical Significance 10 minutes Storytelling Narrative Approach Tell stories about the history and cultural heritage of Onitsha and Oyo. Listen and ask questions. Understanding historical context.
Step 4: Sketching Activity 5 minutes Practical Exercise Hands-on Activity Guide pupils to sketch a simple map showing Onitsha and Oyo. Sketch maps and label the towns. Developing mapping skills.
Step 5: Discussion 5 minutes Group Discussion Collaborative Learning Facilitate a discussion on the cultural heritage of Onitsha and Oyo. Discuss and share ideas in groups. Enhancing social interaction.
Step 6: Note Taking 3 minutes Note Writing Guided Instruction Provide key points for pupils to copy. Copy notes from the board. Reinforcing learning through writing.
Step 7: Evaluation and Conclusion 2 minutes Oral Questions Assessment Ask review questions to evaluate understanding. Answer questions orally. Checking for comprehension.

Lesson Content

Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Onitsha And Oyo

Onitsha and Oyo are two significant ancient towns in Nigeria.


  • Onitsha is located on the eastern bank of the Niger River in Anambra State.
  • Historically, Onitsha was a major trading port and has a rich cultural heritage.
  • Onitsha is famous for its annual Ofala Festival.
Ancient Towns In Nigeria; Onitsha And Oyo


  • Oyo is located in southwestern Nigeria, in Oyo State.
  • It was the center of the Oyo Empire, a powerful Yoruba kingdom.
  • Oyo is known for its traditional leadership and cultural practices.

Lesson Evaluation:
To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Identify Onitsha and Oyo on a map of Nigeria.
  2. Mention one historical fact about Onitsha and Oyo.
  3. Draw a simple map showing the locations of Onitsha and Oyo.
  4. Discuss in pairs the cultural significance of Onitsha and Oyo.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Last Update: July 14, 2024