• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 6
  • Age: 9 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: Pre-vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Home Economics
  • Topic: Food In The Locality
  • Content:Meaning of foodstuff, Functions of different food nutrient in the body

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Define foodstuff and list different types of food nutrients.
  • Affective domain: Appreciate the importance of eating a balanced diet.
  • Psychomotor domain: Identify and categorize different food items.
  • Social Domain: Discuss with peers the benefits of various nutrients in the body.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Charts showing different types of food
  • Samples of local food items
  • Flashcards with food nutrients and their functions
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding Food In The Locality and the meaning of foodstuff and the functions of different food nutrients is crucial for promoting healthy eating habits. It helps pupils make informed food choices that contribute to their growth and well-being.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are familiar with basic kitchen hygiene from the previous lesson on cleaning the kitchen and food store.


Learning Area: Food In The Locality

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsInteractive DiscussionSet inductionIntroduce the topic and ask pupils what they know about food and its importance.Listen and respond to questions.Engage pupils’ interest and activate prior knowledge.
Step 2: Definition of Foodstuff5 minsExplanationDirect instructionExplain the meaning of foodstuff.Listen and ask questions.Understand what foodstuff means.
Step 3: Functions of Food Nutrients10 minsLecture with visual aidsDemonstrationUse charts to explain the different types of food nutrients and their functions.Observe charts and take notes.Learn about various food nutrients and their functions.
Step 4: Examples of Local Food Items10 minsShow and tellVisual learningShow samples of local food items and categorize them based on nutrients.Participate in identifying and categorizing food items.Recognize local food items and their nutrient categories.
Step 5: Class Discussion5 minsGroup discussionCooperative learningFacilitate a discussion on the benefits of eating a balanced diet.Discuss in pairs/groups and share ideas.Appreciate the importance of balanced diet.
Step 6: Note Taking3 minsWritingGuided writingGuide pupils to copy down key points from the lesson.Copy notes accurately.Reinforce learning through note-taking.
Step 7: Evaluation and Conclusion2 minsQ&AAssessmentAsk questions to evaluate understanding. Summarize the lesson.Answer questions.Assess comprehension and consolidate learning.


Food In The Locality

Food is any substance that we eat or drink to stay healthy and grow. It provides the nutrients our bodies need to function properly.

In our locality, we have a various kinds of foods that help keep us healthy and strong, we refer to these collection of food items as Foodstuffs & each of them have what they do for our bodies.


Foodstuff is any substance that can be eaten or drunk to provide nutrition to the body. Foodstuffs are typically derived from plants, animals, or fungi and contain essential nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

Types of Foodstuff with Examples
  1. Roots: Cassava, yam, sweet potato, carrot, beetroot
  2. Vegetables: Spinach, kale, broccoli, cabbage, tomatoes
  3. Fruits: Mango, banana, orange, pineapple, apple
  4. Grains and Cereals: Rice, maize (corn), wheat, oats, barley
  5. Legumes: Beans, lentils, peas, chickpeas, soybeans
  6. Meat: Beef, chicken, pork, goat, lamb
  7. Fish and Seafood: Tilapia, salmon, shrimp, crab, tuna
  8. Dairy: Milk, cheese, yogurt, butter, cream
  9. Nuts and Seeds: Almonds, peanuts, sunflower seeds, chia seeds, walnuts
  10. Fungi: Mushrooms, truffles
  11. Beverages: Water, tea, coffee, fruit juice, milk
Assorted Vegetables and Spices - food in the locality, foodstuff
Photo by Angele J on Pexels
Functions of Different Food Nutrients in the Body

To maintain good health, our body needs various nutrients that is gotten from foodstuffs we eat. Each of these nutrients has a special function in our body and they include the following:

  1. Carbohydrates: Provides energy for daily activities.
    • Examples of Carbohydrates: Bread, rice, pasta, potatoes.
  2. Proteins: Helps in the growth and repair of body tissues.
    • Examples of Proteins: Meat, fish, eggs, beans, nuts.
  3. Fats: Stores energy and help in absorbing vitamins.
    • Examples of Fats: Butter, oils, nuts, avocados.
  4. Vitamins: Supports various body functions, such as vision, skin health, and the immune system.
    • Examples of Vitamins: Fruits, vegetables, dairy products.
  5. Minerals: Strengthen bones and teeth, and help in muscle function and the nervous system.
    • Examples of Minerals: Meat, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, nuts.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Define foodstuff.
  2. List three types of food nutrients and their functions.
  3. Explain why proteins are important for the body.
  4. Identify two local food items and the nutrients they provide.
  5. Discuss in pairs the importance of eating a balanced diet.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!